AG – Anti Glare
An anti-glare film is placed on the top of a display to help prevent overhead or ambient light glare on the screen.
AR – Anti Reflective
An anti-reflective film is placed on the top of a display to help prevent overhead or ambient light glare on the screen.
ARM - Advanced RISC Machines
One of a family of processors based on RISC architecture
CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computer
Processors designed with full set of instructions to provide functions in the most efficient way.
COB – Chip on Board
A chip-on -board is a chip that is wired and bonded onto a motherboard
COM - Computer on Module
Computer-on-Modules otherwise known as System on Chips are tiny-sized, but fully-featured development boards consisting of a microprocessor, RAM, I/O and a host of other functionality.
CR – Contrast Ratio
The ratio of the brightest white to the darkest black on a display. The larger the number, the greater the extremes.
DSTN – Double Super Twisted Nematic
DSTN is a passive-matrix display technology, an improvement on STN technology, that splits the LCD screen in two sections.
DVI – Digital Visual Interface
An interface used to transmit digital video content onto a display.
E-Paper displays, also referred to as E-Ink displays, are extremely low power, monochrome displays which are designed to look like ink on a piece of paper. They are reflective displays meaning they have no backlight and therefore use very little power.
EMC - Electromagnetic Compatibility
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is the concept of enabling different electronics devices to operate without interfering with each other.
EMI - Electromagnetic Interference
Unwanted electromagnetic radiation that causes potential interference to other items of electronics equipment in close proximity.
ESD – Electrostatic Discharge
The release of static electricity when two different charged objects come into contact with each other.
FFSTN – Double Foil compensated Twisted Nematic
A variation of the Super Twisted Nematic Display providing better optical performance.
FSTN – Foil/Film compensated Super Twisted Nematic
A variation of the Super Twisted Nematic Display providing better optical performance
HDMI – High-Definition Multimedia Interface
An interface used to transfer high definition video and audio over a single cable.
HVGA – Half VGA
A display resolution which is half the size of a VGA (commonly 480 x 320)
I2C -Inter Integrated Circuit
A protocol intended to allow multiple "slave" digital integrated circuits ("chips") to communicate with one or more "master" chips.
IC – Integrated Circuit
A set of electronic circuits on one silicon based semiconductor
IPS – In Plane Switching
In-Plane Switching (IPS) is a display technology that overcomes the viewing limitations of conventional TFT-LCDs. It is also known as Super TFT.
LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
A display that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
LED – Light Emitting Diode
An LED is an electronic device that emits light when an electrical current is passed through it.
MIPI-DSI - Mobile Industry Processor Interface
A specification of the MIPI alliance aimed at reducing the cost of display controllers in a mobile device
OCA – Optically Clear Adhesive
An optically clear liquid adhesive used to bond touchscreens and displays devices to the coverlens
PCAP – Projected Capacitive Touch panel
A layer of glass with a matrix of conuctive elements behind that when pressed with another conductive input (ie human finger) registers a touchpoint..
A resistive touchscreen works on a number of layers and when the layers are pressed together, a touchpoint is registered.
RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Computer
Processors with reduced instruction sets for lower power and faster processing.
SBC - Single Board Computer
Single Board Computers, or SBCs are ready to go and motherboards including a processor, RAM, I/O and a variety of other features.
SPI – Serial Peripheral Interface
A serial communication interface used to send short distance communication in embedded systems.
Adding a tactile dip to a display surface to give the illusion of 3D touch
STN – Super Twisted Nematic
A type of passive matrix monochrome liquid crystal display, providing better viewing angles and performance than a TN display
TAB – Tape Automated Bonding
The process of mounting a die on a flexible tape made of polymer material, such as polyimide.
TFT – Thin Film Transistor
A TFT display is a form of Liquid Crystal Display with thin film transistors for controlling the image formation. The TFT technology works by controlling brightness in red, green and blue sub-pixels through transistors for each pixel on the screen.
TN – Twisted Nematic
A very fast, low cost LCD display technology developed in the 1980s
Touch IC - Integrated Circuit
A circuit that converts input signal (a finger or an object that comes in contact with a screen’s surface) into a measurable signal which is calculated and processed by controller software algorithms to determine touch position on the screen.
VA - Vertical Alignment
A type of LCD in which the liquid crystals naturally align vertically to the glass substrates.